Feed your dog twice a day - once in the morning and once in the evening - puppies under five months of age should be fed three to four times a day, or as directed by your veterinarian. Growing kittens up to six months of age may require three meals a day. Once the cat becomes an adult, at about one year, feeding once or twice a day is appropriate in most cases. Also have regularly-scheduled feeding times to establish a routine it also allows you to monitor your pet's health. The portion size depends on your pet's weight. Usually pet foods have a guide on how much you should feed your pet.
Nutrients are substances obtained from food and used by an animal as a source of energy and as part of the metabolic machinery necessary for maintenance and growth. Here are the essential nutrients for a healthy pet:
Water is the most important nutrient. Essential to life, water accounts for 66% to 70% of an adult pet's body weight.
Proteins are the basic building blocks for cells, tissues, organs, enzymes, hormones and antibodies, and are essential for growth, maintenance, reproduction and repair.
Fats are the most concentrated form of food energy, providing your pet with more than twice the energy of proteins or carbohydrates.
Carbohydrates provide energy for the body's tissues, play a vital role in the health of the intestine, and are likely to be important for reproduction.
Vitamins are catalysts for enzyme reactions. Tiny amounts of vitamins are essential to dogs and cats for normal metabolic functioning.
Minerals are inorganic compounds that are most important as structural constituents of bones and teeth, for maintaining fluid balance and for their involvement in many metabolic reactions.
Keep Your Pet Healthy
For dogs, the best diet is low in fat and high in fiber. Puppies need a diet with calcium, iron and extra protein that is specially formulated for their developing bodies. Cats need a diet that is higher in protein. Most pets get the appropriate amount of fat, protein and other nutrients from their pet food, so treats should be only given occasionally. Talk to your veterinarian to plan a diet to meet your pet's unique needs.
Just like people, dogs and cats suffer from allergies too. Allergies occur when dogs or cats immune system responds oddly to some everyday substance, called an allergen. Few common allergens include pollen, mold, grass, feathers, house dust, fleas, and other insects. These substances can cause an allergic reaction when inhaled, swallowed, or contact the skin. Certain food items can also cause allergic reactions.