Shampoo your pet at the first sign of fleas or ticks. For best results, wet your dog’s or cat’s coat for a few minutes with warm water, apply shampoo and work it into a lather, carefully avoiding your pet’s eyes. Thoroughly wash your pet all over, including the neck, chest, body, hindquarters, and legs, and pay special attention to the footpads, between the toes, underbody areas, and the base of the tail. These are all areas frequented by fleas. Let the lather remain on your pet for 5 minutes, then rinse thoroughly with warm water. If your pet weighs less than 15 pounds, wrap the animal in a towel for several minutes to absorb moisture and allow dying fleas and ticks to crawl off the animal.