Why Are Fleas Bad for My Dog?
We all know fleas are annoying, but are there any dangers associated with them? Anything owners should be worried about?
The answer is: Yes, there are few.
1. Excessive itching from flea bites can lead to open sores. These sores can make your pet vulnerable to infection.
2. Flea bite dermatitis is an allergic reaction to fleas. The fleas' saliva can cause red skin, scabs, and hair loss in the affected area(s) if your dog happens to be allergic. Common areas of flea bite dermatitis are the face, head, neck, and base of the tail.
3. Blood loss occurs whenever fleas bite your dog, as they drink a little bit of blood each time. Usually, the amount is negligible, but a flea infestation can cause anemia, as your pet starts losing blood faster than he or she can produce it. This condition is potentially fatal if not treated as soon as possible, especially in puppies and smaller dogs with a lower amount of total blood in their body.
4. Tapeworms can also become an issue. Fleas carry tapeworms. When pets groom, they tend to eat the fleas on their body and thus consume the tapeworms as well. They can live in your pet's intestines and cause nutrient absorption issues. (This dewormer by Bayer is an excellent solution if your dog has tapeworms.)
Source: Princeton Vet