Water Glycerine, Propylene Glycol, Polysorbate 80, Methylparaben, Sodium Bicarbonate, Propylparaben, Potassium Sorbate, Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Oil, Mentha Viridis (Spearmint) Leaf Oil.
With one hand, lift your pet's lip over the teeth. With other hand, use dental wipes over pet's teeth and gums from front to back on both sides. Recommended use, twice daily or after meals.
Precautions: Avoid contact with eyes. If eye contact occurs, rinse thoroughly If undue skin irritation develops or increases, discontinue use and consult a veterinarian.
WARNINGS: Keep out of reach of children and animals. Use only as directed. Store at room temperature.
Do not use: if allergic to chlorhexidine gluconate or any other ingredient.
The problem I have is my dog is very, very good at clamping her mouth closed. I am able, after a while, to access the rear gum area while lifting her top jowl but it's a tricky process. Even so, I think these are working for her. Her breath is better and when she yawns, I can see her teeth look good. She doesn't mind the flavor, just the intrusion into her mouth. She's a nervous little dog and guards herself tightly.
At any rate, I recommend these wipes. My only real suggestion would be to make them larger. The size of these makes it even more difficult to use them on a dog who won't open her mouth.
I use the pads a little differently than some people might. First I clean the dog's teeth with the pad. Then I turn the pad over and apply a little dog toothpaste to the "new" side and clean the teeth once more. This seems to work pretty well.
I like these dental wipes because they have a mild mint taste (I tasted them and although I concede that I cannot taste and smell as well as a dog, they have a more mild taste to my tongue than other similar products) which results in my dogs tolerating them well, because they contain hexametaphosphate which is an ingredient in human dentifrices which has been proven to adhere to enamel and helps inhibit the set-up of plaque film, and because they apparently do not contain zinc gluconate (I am wary of the trend to put zinc in dog dental products. I think we have to be careful about the amount of zinc a dog is ingesting since it is toxic at higher concentrations and because zinc has been shown to be neurotoxic to the human mouth-- cases of permanently ruined taste buds and olfactory receptors in humans from using Zycam and Polydent because of the Zn). I'm just saying be aware of Zn and consider not purchasing dog dental products with Zn..